Dr. B.R. Ambedkar
Dr. B.R. Ambedkar
  • In the beginning of 1948, Baba Saheb Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar completed the draft of the Constitution and presented it in the Constituent Assembly. In November 1949, this draft was adopted with very few amendments.
  • The Constitution of India was adopted on 26 November, 1949 and the hon'ble members appended their signatures to it on 24 January, 1950. In all, 284 members actually signed the Constitution.
  • On that day when the Constitution was being signed, it was drizzling outside and it was interpreted as a sign of a good omen.
  • On Republic Day, many bravery awards like Veer Chakra, Maha Veer Chakra, Param Veer Chakra, Kirti Chakra and Ashoka Chakra are awarded.
  • As the President unfurls the National Flag, he is given the 21 guns salute. It is the firing of arms and canons by Naval and Military men to pay respect to the soldiers who fought for India's Independence.
  • 'Abide with Me' - a Christian hymn is played at the Republic Day functions. It is said to be Mahatma Gandhi's favourite.
  • The date of 26th January was chosen as the Republic Day because it coincided with the anniversary of Purna Swaraj Day (26th January 1930).
  • The National Flag of India was adopted on the 22 July 1947, a few days before India's Independence from the British.
  • The Flag Code of India allows people to put up the National Flag on their premises. This wasn't possible for many years after Independence.
  • Republic Day is a three-day long celebration, accompanied by performances and drill. The Beating Retreat is held at the end to mark the end of Republic Day.
  • The three-day long celebration also includes decoration of important Government buildings with lights. Beating the Retreat ceremony is conducted on the third day of the Republic Day.
  • With the sound of buglers exactly at 6 pm, the National Flag is lowered, and the National Anthem is sung. This concludes the Republic Day celebrations.